Kenya has a long history of development planning right from independence through the Sessional Paper Number 10, “African Socialism and its Application to Planning,” through the Economic Recovery Strategy for Wealth and Employment Creation (ERSWEC), up to the current Kenya Vision 2030. On the other hand, Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) efforts have also increased over the same period. The purpose of Monitoring is to help policy and decision makers at all levels of Government to identify challenges and opportunities, set priorities for more effective and efficient implementation and communicate progress, or lack thereof (and therefore associated requirements), to ensure accountability and generate political, public and private sector support for further investments. ERSWEC (2003-2007) recognized the importance of M&E in promoting accountability and enhancing good governance issues. It therefore stipulated that the Government would undertake M&E to track its policies, programmes and projects. During this period, the National Integrated and Evaluation System (NIMES) framework was introduced to undertake M&E in the public sector. Kenya Vision 2030 which is the Country’s long-term blue print which succeeded ERSWEC marked a major evolution of M&E by re-orienting NIMES in tracking the Vision. The Vision aims at transforming the Country into a modern, globally competitive, middle-income Country offering a high quality of life for all citizens by the year 2030. Kenya Vison 2030 is implemented through the five-year Medium Term Plans (MTPs) while tracking of it is through the Annual Progress Reports (APRs) under NIMES.
Further, Kenya’s Constitution has also fundamentally changed the central and devolved governance structures. The Constitution provides an opportunity for strengthening the Country’s M&E System. A strong Nation-wide M&E system is key in provision of timely and accurate information for policy making. Specifically, the Constitution demands for capable, accountable and transparent public institutions which is critical in the realization of Kenya Vision 2030.